quarta-feira, 19 de outubro de 2011


Text writted by scribe Valdemir Mota de Menezes

Based on the article by Maria Gloria Gohn, the Treaty entitled "SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN CONTEMPORARY" I mean that I agree with the definition given by the writer Gohn that characterizes social movements and collective social actions in which people organize themselves to make their demands. Social movements have always emerged in society, every time a group feels oppressed, soon comes to be articulated with peers looking for your space. The social movements are pockets of resistance to the oppressive system. Today these social movements raise the banner of civilization ideals seeking prestige or equal the minority groups.
Examples of social movements who are mobilizing in Brazil in recent decades are regarded as excluded groups such as blacks and homosexuals. This reflex can see on soap operas of TV Globo as that in the eighties gave little room for black actors as protagonists and gay characters. Today, the twenty-first century, we see many black actors and practically a gay character in each novel.

Another movement of a religious nature which has also been prominent in Brazil are evangelical Protestants who in the past few decades of meaningless numbers, and achieved a significant share of the population. Evangelicals have taken massive media like radio and TV and now we have the TV Record, a secular television network, with evangelical direction, playing the sweeps with the powerful Globo TV and other communications giants leaving behind. This social movement also holds several seats in Congress seeking to maintain their rights of freedom of worship and expression.

Social movements were under various acronyms and interests. The American Indians are also getting stronger and making their CLAIMS even reached the post of presidency of the country, as happened in Bolivia with Evo Morales.

The movements that fight for the preservation of the Amazon in Brazil have also emerged, embodied in the Chico Mendes, Marina Silva, who narrowly won the last election for president of Brazil.

Social movements can leave the field of debate, the marches and demonstrations could erupt with violent and serious social unrest, as often happens with the rural movements like the MST. With the failure of the state to maintain order and discipline in many cities of America, settle mafias, gangs and delinquent groups that seek to dominate the urban periphery and in many cases come to face the public force in big cities like Rio de Janeiro in Brazil , Juarez in Mexico and several cities in Colombia.

Amazingly, even in the prisons, have articulated social movements with a political ideology. The "First Party Capital" is a social movement that is constantly making CLAIMS for governor of São Paulo seeking improvements in prison life, and this marginal group, achieved successive concessions from the state, thanks to good articulation of their leaders. In 2006 provoked riots and curfew in much of the state of Sao Paulo.

With the advent of the internet, it is easy to predict the emergence of numerous groups with the most bizarre claim possible. It is the governments of Brazil and other countries of America, do not allow criminal movements and ideologies that undermine society to strengthen and ultimately causing terrorism